Anita (Ardmore, PA) | “Guyanese-American”
“‘Negro’ certainly is a passé term from way back when. We got over ‘Negro,’ we got to be ‘Black and Proud,’ and I’m still Black and proud. I always liked the term ‘Black’ because it doesn’t leave people out. I find ‘Black’ a more encompassing term than ‘African-American.’ ‘African-American’ leaves me out in a way.”
Rosa (Bronx, NY) | “Black Puerto Rican”
“You have a lot of incredible Afro-Latino activists who still don’t say that they’re Black. What they say is that they’re ‘African-descended.’ They say they’re ‘Afro-Latino.’ But a lot of people still won’t say that they’re Black. I think most of people’s issue with calling themselves Black is psychological. It’s fear. If you don’t have to be Black, why would you want to say that? In this country, everything Black is negative. I didn’t start calling myself Black until I was a sophomore in college. But once I learned about the power of the Young Lords and the Black Power Movement, I was like, ‘Why wouldn’t I want to say I was Black?’”
Kenya (Atlanta, GA) | “Black”
“As an African-American, many of us trace White blood in our lineage to slavery and my family background is no different. The bottom line is my parents are Black, their parents are Black, my great grandparents are Black, and that makes me Black. I know there are people who are looking and thinking ‘She’s not Black.’ And that’s fine too. At the end of the day, I’m Black because I’m Black.”
Marianna (Baltimore, MD) | “Black“
“I get ‘exotic’ a lot ‘cause people can’t really pinpoint. ‘Is she Dominican?’ ‘Is she Trini?’ ‘Is she Black and Filipino?’ ‘Is she Black and Japanese?’ It’s almost like they can’t tell so that’s alluring. All they know is it’s not ‘just Black’ and that’s all that matters. They think it’s ‘Black and something,’ but it’s that ‘something’ that they’re more focused on and that holds their attention a little bit more.”
Ariel (Brooklyn, New York) | “Black”
“In Cuba, some people don’t see me as Black. Even Black people will deny my Blackness. Since I was a child, people gave me different names like ‘el chino’ because when I was younger I was really looking more like a Chinese. And then they called me names connected with my race and my ethnicity like ‘mulatto’ or ‘moro.’ They tried to emphasize that I was different because my skin is Black, but my hair is ‘White.’ So for many people in Cuba, I am mulatto or I am interracial – they don’t consider me Black. I think it goes back to the plantation days when slaves had a child with the owner, and for being less dark, that child would have a better job and a better position in society. Cuba has a long history of Whiteness in that sense – many Black people consider themselves as moving forward in society when they marry somebody White or when their kids are less dark.”
Soledad (New York, NY) | “Black Latina”
“People ask me ‘What are you?’ all the time. People tweet me that question. I used to take great offense, like immediately get annoyed; partly because I didn’t think the question came from a very good place. I think I read it as questioning my value and my reasons for being wherever I was. But now, I think it’s two-fold: One, I think that because I’m a journalist, people are really just trying to understand who I am. ‘You’re somebody I see on TV, but I don’t know you in person, so who are you?’ So often, it’s not really about the question. It’s about ‘What side are you on?’ and ‘What perspective do you bring?’ Then two, I think that part of my job as a journalist is to educate people about stories and some of these stories I’m a part of. I’m part of ‘Black in America’ even in the context of who is the filter of the story. So I’ve really gotten much better at taking that question and I’ve stopped hating it so much. It’s my job to elaborate and explain for people who I am. My mom is Afro-Cuban. My dad is White and Australian. I’m Black. I’m Latina.”
Malene(Brooklyn, NY) | “Black of Mixed Heritage”
“Trinidad is a cosmopolitan nation, probably more racially diverse than the rest of the Caribbean. We have descendants of European enslavers, freed Africans and enslaved Africans, Chinese and other Asian migrants, and a small East Indian population. You have all these mixtures and the mixtures are acknowledged. So I’m not Black in Trinidad; they consider me to be Chinese creole. They use all kinds of terms to identify people based on their racial makeup – ‘Indian,’ ‘negro,’ ‘creole,’ ‘Chinese creole,’ ‘Spanish,’ ‘coolie,’ ‘dougla.’ A ‘coolie,’ for example, is an East Indian. ‘Dougla’ is the mix of Black and East Indian. There’s really no difference between the two. It’s like saying ‘nigger’ and ‘nigga.’ To me, it’s all offensive. All of it comes from hateful places.”
“In Brasil, people of my color can be considered either Black or White, but it would depend on the situation, and it would also depend on the social and educational condition of the people who are seeing you. So what happens is that when someone of lower socioeconomic status sees me, they would treat me as White. But if I go to a high-class restaurant, where the people are of a higher status than me, people treat me as Black. Usually the general thought for Brasilians is that the place for Black people is in the kitchen or on the soccer field or in samba. So if you are not in one of those places, it’s like ‘Who are you and who allowed you to be here?’ And you can feel it.”
Adrian (Brooklyn, NY) | “Black Puerto-Rican”
“I think part of the misconception about Blackness is that it’s a skin color. For me personally, it’s just my way of life. Whether it’s my bloodline and family history, or the neighborhood I grew up in and the people I grew up with, or something as simple as the food that I eat, there’s so many different ways that I can identify with Blackness to where if somebody were to ask me, “Adrian, what makes you Black?” I would probably just counter the question with, “What doesn’t make me Black?” It’s not even something that I’m trying to prove. It’s just in me.”
Lauren (Philadelphia, PA) | “Black and Italian / African-American“
“The one-drop rule is not about letting society tell you who you are, but about understanding the structures around you that are already in place. It’s about understanding the complexities of Black identity and how you fit into that. At the same time, it doesn’t take away from your individuality and the beauty of your personal background or our collective history.”
We just hit 30,000 petition signatures-
we have over 100,000 Facebook supporters, so please sign the petition if you have not already!
See our other Achievements: http://lakota.cc/1iWyw4D
SIGN THE PETITION!: www.LakotaLaw.org/Action
"Every day, Lakota grandmothers are illegally denied their right to foster their own grandchildren. The South Dakota Dept. of Social Services rejects grandmothers for such trivial reasons as too few rooms in a home, too small of a home, too old, decades old crimes, and even rumors.
South Dakota continues to violate the federal law by placing 90% of the 750 Lakota foster children it seizes each year into non-Native homes and facilities, instead of with relatives or tribal homes. Both federal law and the United Nations define this behavior as genocide. Only tribal programs are placing foster children with their relatives.”
November 20, 1969: The Occupation of Alcatraz begins.
On this day in 1969, seventy-nine Native Americans, mostly student protesters, set out in a boat to occupy the San Francisco Bay’s famous island prison at Alcatraz (“the Rock”). In this highly-publicized event, occupiers protested the American government’s policy in dealing with Native Americans, particularly its numerous broken treaties with Native American tribes and its Indian termination policy. The protest was fairly effective in achieving recognition for the latter issue; in 1970, President Nixon delivered to Congress a message in which he criticized termination and instead recommended self-determination, and throughout the 70s, the federal government passed legislation that promoted the sovereignty of Native American tribes. During this period, President Nixon also more than doubled the budget of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
The principal organizer of the occupation was Adam Fortunate Eagle, a half-Chippewa activist; the spokesperson for the Indians of All Tribes organization was part-Sioux, part-Mexican activist John Trudell; another leader was Richard Oakes, a Mohawk Indian who lived with his family on Alcatraz until 1970 and sent this message to the San Francisco Department of the Interior:We invite the United States to acknowledge the justice of our claim. The choice now lies with the leaders of the American government - to use violence upon us as before to remove us from our Great Spirit’s land, or to institute a real change in its dealing with the American Indian…
We and all other oppressed peoples would welcome spectacle of proof before the world of your title by genocide. Nevertheless, we seek peace.
When the Ohlone and other indigenous peoples inhabited the San Francisco Bay Area, Alcatraz was regarded with suspicion, and it was even used as a place of exile and ostracism. It was abandoned as a federal penitentiary in 1963, and it was subsequently claimed by the 1969 protesters by “right of discovery”, the doctrine used to justify the acquisition of native-held lands by colonial powers (especially in the 19th century). The occupation lasted until 1971, and, for nineteen months, students, married couples, and even children lived on the island, garnering support from even celebrities like Jane Fonda and Marlon Brando. The last protesters left in June of 1971, after electrical power and telephone lines were cut off by the government. The occupation’s stated goal of creating a spiritual and cultural center on the island was never fulfilled, and most of the activists’ demands were never met, but it was influential overall, especially given its direct effect on federal policy toward Native Americans.
Ha ha ha what is even happening
Chet Pierce got everyone’s attention at one seminar when he said, “What I want the show to do is prepare my three-year old daughter to react properly the first time somebody calls her a nigger.”
"We were all shocked and didn’t know quite how to react," Dave Connell said. "It was a real confrontation. Chet is such a brilliant man, he was doing it to get the issue on the table, to discuss it".
From the ensuing discussion came the decision that the show would lead by example. There would be an integrated cast, but nothing would be done artificially to draw attention to their diversity and harmony. The actors would regard each other with kindness, respect, and tolerance.
Street Gang, The Complete History of Sesame Street by Michael Davis
Eighteen years ago, Julie Chen’s news director told her: "You will never be on this anchor desk, because you’re Chinese. Let’s face it Julie, how relatable are you to our community? How big of an Asian community do we really have in Dayton? … On top of that because of your heritage, because of your Asian eyes, I’ve noticed that when you’re on camera, when you’re interviewing someone you look disinterested and bored because your eyes are so heavy, they are so small.”
Her prospective agent told her: "I cannot represent you unless you get plastic surgery to make your eyes look bigger.”
During her TV appearance on Wednesday morning, host Sheryl Underwood said: "You made a choice that was good for you and you have represented your race, women and your colleagues.”
Sharon Osbourne added: "It was the right thing to do."
At least the white people on The Talk are perfectly up front about their racist views on what Chinese people need to do to make on TV, which is to get plastic surgery to more closely meet Eurocentric standards.
Mary: This is what racism does. The things people told her make me want to vomit.
My jaw dropped when someone up there said basically “you don’t know what giving in to the man is” or something like that. I was like, damn did you even listen to her story? And then the people around her had the audacity to nod along and agree that she didn’t look “expressive” before. That was just so fucked up.
That really bothered me, and when it was going around people didn’t mention it either
Frozen Inuit princesses redesigns. <3
I think it would have been really awesome if they did something like this instead. Either way, it was really fun to gather reference and draw some snowy cuties.
You do realise that Frozen is based on a fairytale by Hans Christian Andersen - a Dane. And let me inform you that the ethnic demografic of Denmark was almost exclusively caucasian until after WWII - so I think it is really unfair to criticise Disney of whitewashing when it was written and takes place in a country where literally everyone was white!
it’s got a fucking talking snowman and a breed of mono-antlered reindeer with split hooves that’s being impossibly ridden like it’s a fucking caribou and you wanna go out of your way to paragraph at someone about “criticism” when it’s just a picture with the caption “would have been cool if it were like this but i had fun drawing”
you literally want to flop in “historical accuracy” when it’s set in a fictional kingdom, with an amalgamation of clothing styles that are either butchered attempts or native to no one, freaking snow magic, and—allow me to repeat— talking snowmen and improper riding of reindeer that aren’t built to be ridden in the first place. but suddenly Inuit redesigns aren’t historically accurate enough? Because the author of a fictional story was a white Dane?? Might you be interested in learning that the earliest known version of Cinderella was about a Greek slave girl and an Egyptian pharaoh? Historical accuracy doesn’t mean squat to Disney and everyone knows it, it’s an extremely tripe card to pull.
you wanna talk history tho? Greenland was settled by pre-Inuit cultures around what is believed to be 2500BC give or take. King Christian IV claimed Greenland for Denmark in the early 1600s. Which they ‘inherited’ from the Norse, who still only got there in about 980 AD a good 3000 years after the Saqqaq culture(pre-Inuit) did.
do you literally think that every single person in Denmark/Scandanavia was some kind of 100% white Aryan wet dream until magically after world war 2 some brown people finally wandered by??? even though they had an entire country full of indigenous peoples under their thumb AND a monopoly on trade with the place until like 1953 like is that really something that is going through your head at this very moment because i am truly aghast.
Ask yourselves why you find yourselves thinking, believing, and vehemently protesting that "there were no PoC in [insert european country here] at the time anyways!!!!" like seriously sit down and think about who taught you that white people hold a monopoly on existing every goddamn where.
It’s fanart, a redesign, based on what would have been neat. and there’s literally zero reason to tear it apart just because you’re uncomfortable about the fact that they’re not white.
Anna also eats sandwiches and rides bikes, and I’m pretty sure those weren’t around until the 1800s, but who cares, same deal. It’s a story with trolls and a talking snowman and a girl who was born with ice powers. We’ve been drawing and casting Jesus and his disciples as white anglo-saxon dudes for two thousand years — and they were real —so I think we can make some fictional people brown if they weren’t originally brown.
This my friends, is a masterpiece of a movie. Three homeless people, A runaway teen, a alcoholic father, and an ageing trans woman, are wandering the streets on Christmas eve, when they find a baby abandoned in a dump. They decide to care for it, while they wander around trying to find her mother, meeting several oddballs on their way.
Directed my the great Satoshi Kon, this movie is a must watch for anybody! It’s hilarious, touching, and will have you at the edge of your seat by the end of the crazy journey!
…Aaaaannd, now it’s on Netflix! If you don’t have it, you can also watch it here: http://www.goodanime.net/tokyo-godfathers-movie
Go watch it!
One of the best Christmas movies ever. Prepare to cry.
My gods. I’ve done more than a little research into Aztecs and never even saw a mention of codices.
Well, yeah. The Spanish burned them. They burned all the Aztec books. Even that isn’t an Aztec book, it’s basically a supervised copy made in the same style.
The Aztec libraries were burned purposely to erase Aztec history, suppress rebellion, and eliminate “pagan” religious and cultural practices. Once the people who remembered them died, those practices were lost forever.
The only thing that remains are descriptions of Aztec society created by or supervised by the Spanish.
All the manuscripts in Nahuatl were made under the supervision and with annotations by Spanish Missionary Priests. You can read more about it here, although note that even this website claims the Aztec manuscripts were “less complex” than their predecessors’, the the Mixtec, even though they just pointed out, all the unadulterated Aztec books were burned.
You know what they also burned? The great Aztec medical codices. When the Spanish first arrived, even they acknowledged the superiority of Aztec medicine. They had a seriously intense pharmacopoeia. They had advanced surgical techniques. The personal physician to the king of Spain even went to Mexico to study from Aztec physicians for seven years. And then they decided to lolconquer everything and there is so much stuff that’s been lost it’s not even funny.
you can get a sort of idea here, but notice how the article claims there’s “no bias”. It’s also a seriously gross display of colonialism apologia. But you can read about the content of the copied book.
They also did the same to the Maya. The Maya wrote their books and stories on the bark of trees. These bark books contained amazingly detailed research on astronomy; particularly of the Sun, the Moon and the planet Venus which was the Maya’s war planet (which the Spaniards thought was funny considering they saw Venus as the planet of love).
Just the same as the Aztecs, the Spaniards destroyed countless Maya artifacts and books in order to better subjugate the Maya, who were less centralized than the Aztecs.
And speaking of the Aztecs, the Spaniards were so surprised that the Aztecs had created aqueducts because - well, that’s a Roman thing. They ended up destroying Aztec aqueducts when they laid siege to Tenochtitlan.
Most of what remains from the Maya is related by urns or pottery, since most of the bark books were burned. The crowning jewel of Maya literature was the Popul Vuh or El Libro del Consejo “The Book of the Council”, which only exists because the Spaniards allowed a translation of it - but of course, the original was lost. But the Popul Vuh is the Mayan Bible; and a lot of it deals with the stories of how mankind was made by their gods.
And the same would have happened to the Inca if it weren’t for El Inca Garcilaso de la Vega. A good portion of what we know about Incan civilization comes from El Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, who was a mestizo - part Incan, part Spaniard. He spoke Spanish and quechua so he was able to make detailed volumes about Incan history and legends that were passed down by word of mouth.
His collection is known as Comentarios Reales de los Inca “Royal Commentary of the Incas”.
Los Comentarios Reales is so interesting because it talks about Incan culture in depth, while El Inca Garcilaso plays translator and gives context.
You thought Greeks invented theater? The Incas had Tragedy and religious plays. The Spaniards didn’t really let that into their curriculum because Greek/Roman theater was considered the pinnacle of culture.
You like highways? The Incas had a system of highways built where runners ran with news across a system of checkpoints to deliver it.
You want to know about how Spaniards tried to force Incas to Christianity? He writes about how they treated their version of God Pachacamac as a pagan deity because the Spaniards were ignorant.
You want to know more about slave trade and the control the Spaniards had over Peru and the other viceroyalties? That’s there too.
The Spanish turned all self-congratulatory and claimed that they’d conquered the Incas early on, as early as 1515 and that Pizarro did it all by himself. They don’t mention what El Inca Garcilaso does that Pizarro was in Panama and didn’t get the go-ahead to conquer the Inca until 1529-1531.
But even so, the Maya, Inca and Aztecs are less focused on as their own cultures. You’re more likely to hear about Greek philosophy and theater in just a simple basic theater or philosophy course, but you’d have to go to a pretty specialized class (typically history or Spanish) to hear about the art and literature of the Maya, Aztecs and Inca. In world history, you hear about the rise and fall of Rome and Byzantium but when it comes to the South American empires it’s rarely mentioned in depth; just that they were conquered by the Spaniards.
I have this blog because people do not have access to these resources. You can get a PhD and still not know these things.
And that is why they passed laws in Arizona to prevent people from learning about their people, their history, their culture.
Because people who know their history, their culture, have pride. People with pride will not believe you when you try to tell them they are inferior. That they deserve to be treated badly. That they deserve oppression.
I think everyone deserves to see themselves in history.
OH MY GOD
Incoming mail (tablet 346) is also revealing: ‘I have sent you … pairs of socks from Sattua, two pairs of sandals and two pairs of underpants.’ It was obviously a bit cold for soldiers on the north-west frontier of the Roman Empire.
THE SOCKS ARE STILL THERE:
I JUST CANNOT…I HAD NO CLUE ABOUT ANY OF THIS.
THEY JUST KEEP FINDING THEM:
40,000+ ROMAN SOLDIERS IN SCOTLAND: WE’RE FREEZING PLEASE SEND MORE SOCKS.
THIS IS THE BEST WRONG I’VE EVER BEEN.
My new Brave Headcanon in the form of one of these letters:
Thank you for all the socks. I hope things are well back in Egypt.
I must make an admission: I have decided to settle up here. I fact, I met someone-a local shepherdess who can make all the socks I’ll ever need up here in this frigid wasteland! Their wool makes thicker socks than Egyptian ones, and I’ll be needing several pairs to make it through these winters!
In fact, with my bow guarding the flock, she’s made so many socks, we’ve been selling the excess to other Romans who’ve also decided to defect. Luckily, the Emperor will never come looking for us up here in these barbaric Highlands! We’ve become so successful they’ve offered me one of their unpronounceable titles, some kind of lordship.
Unfortunately, the rest aren’t too happy about that, but I’ve managed to keep them at bay by offering the chance to marry in-that’s right, we’ve managed to produce a daughter between us! She’s a wild bit of a thing, but I’ve taught her the bow to try and instill some Legionnaire discipline to counteract her barbarian blood!
I’m hoping she grows up into a dutiful “lass” (as they say here!), and understands that in order to keep this region stable, she has to choose a local spouse! After all, it has worked out quite well for me!
She IS quite good with that bow, just like her soldier father!
(I really couldn’t help myself)
SOCKS! BRAVE! ROMANS! SCOTLAND! EEEEE!
Today’s paintings look like something out of a horror film, but in a strange way there is something beautiful about dramatically lit plaster casts… Look for death masks of Dante, Friedrich Schiller, Wagner and others below.
Adolph von Menzel, Studio Wall, 1872, oil on canvas. Kunsthalle, Hamburg
Adolph von Menzel, Studio Wall, 1872, oil on canvas. Alte Nationalgalerie, Berlin
And now you know…
The real “Lone Ranger,” it turns out, was an African American man named Bass Reeves, who the legend was based upon. Perhaps not surprisingly, many aspects of his life were written out of the story, including his ethnicity. The basics remained the same: a lawman hunting bad guys, accompanied by a Native American, riding on a white horse, and with a silver trademark.
Historians of the American West have also, until recently, ignored the fact that this man was African American, a free black man who headed West to find himself less subject to the racist structure of the established Eastern and Southern states.
While historians have largely overlooked Reeves, there have been a few notable works on him. Vaunda Michaux Nelson’s book, Bad News for Outlaws: The Remarkable Life of Bass Reeves, Deputy U.S. Marshal, won the 2010 Coretta Scott King Award for best author. Arthur Burton released an overview of the man’s life a few years ago. Black Gun, Silver Star: The Life and Legend of Frontier Marshal Bass Reeves recounts that Reeves was born into a life of slavery in 1838. His slave-keeper brought him along as another personal servant when he went off to fight with the Confederate Army, during the Civil War.
Reeves took the chaos that ensued during the war to escape for freedom, after beating his “master” within an inch of his life, or according to some sources, to death. Perhaps the most intruiging thing about this escape was that Reeves only beat his enslaver after the latter lost sorely at a game of cards with Reeves and attacked him.
After successfully defending himself from this attack, he knew that there was no way he would be allowed to live if he stuck around.
Reeves fled to the then Indian Territory of today’s Oklahoma and lived harmoniously among the Seminole and Creek Nations of Native American Indians.
After the Civil War finally concluded, he married and eventually fathered ten children, making his living as a Deputy U.S. Marshall in Arkansas and the Indian Territory. If this surprises you, it should, as Reeves was the first African American to ever hold such a position.
Burton explains that it was at this point that the Lone Ranger story comes in to play. Reeves was described as a “master of disguises”. He used these disguises to track down wanted criminals, even adopting similar ways of dressing and mannerisms to meet and fit in with the fugitives, in order to identify them.
Reeves kept and gave out silver coins as a personal trademark of sorts, just like the Lone Ranger’s silver bullets. Of course, the recent Disney adaptation of the Lone Ranger devised a clever and meaningful explanation for the silver bullets in the classic tales. For the new Lone Ranger, the purposes was to not wantonly expend ammunition and in so doing devalue human life. But in the original series, there was never an explanation given, as this was simply something originally adapted from Reeves’ personal life and trademarking of himself. For Reeves, it had a very different meaning, he would give out the valuable coins to ingratiate himself to the people wherever he found himself working, collecting bounties. In this way, a visit from the real “Lone Ranger” meant only good fortune for the town: a criminal off the street and perhaps a lucky silver coin.
Like the Lone Ranger, Reeves was also expert crack shot with a gun. According to legend, shooting competitions had an informal ban on allowing him to enter. Like the Lone Ranger, Reeves rode a white horse throughout almost all of his career, at one point riding a light grey one as well.
Like the famed Lone Ranger legend Reeves had his own close friend like Tonto. Reeves’ companion was a Native American posse man and tracker who he often rode with, when he was out capturing bad guys. In all, there were close to 3000 of such criminals they apprehended, making them a legendary duo in many regions.
The final proof that this legend of Bass Reeves directly inspired into the story of the Lone Ranger can be found in the fact that a large number of those criminals were sent to federal prison in Detroit. The Lone Ranger radio show originated and was broadcast to the public in 1933 on WXYZ in Detroit where the legend of Reeves was famous only two years earlier.
Of course, WXYZ and the later TV and movie adaptions weren’t about to make the Lone Ranger an African American who began his career by beating a slave-keeper to death. But now you know. Spread the word and let people know the real legend of the Lone Ranger.
okay no, but for real, this dude was a badass. he was basically the black batman of the wild west.
acording to wiki: “ Reeves brought in some of the most dangerous criminals of the time, but was never wounded, despite having his hat and belt shot off on separate occasions.”
here’s an article that details some of his career.